CCSM Information

Community College Success Measure (CCSM) - Student Survey

A student assessment tool for identifying factors influencing the experiences and outcomes of underserved community college students

  • A focus on non-cognitive outcomes, identity, engagement, environmental pressures, and campus climate
  • A scantron instrument for distribution to randomly selected course sections
  • Validated over a three-year, three-phrase process at 60 community colleges
  • Has been employed at over 90 community colleges throughout the nation

Deliverables - A comprehensive report that identifies student groups demonstrating disproportionate impact by race/ethnicity within gender as well as predictive modeling of factors influencing student engagement, use of services, and focus in college.

Areas Measured

The CCSM measures factors influencing student success in seven primary domains. These areas include:

  • Background/defining domain (e.g., age, race/ethnicity, parent's education, income)
  • Non-cognitive domain (e.g., self-efficacy, degree utility, locus of control)
  • Identity domain (e.g., racial identity, help-seeking, breadwinner orientation)
  • Academic domain (e.g., use of student services, engagement with faculty)
  • Environmental domain (e.g., hours worked per week, food insecurities, housing insecurities, commute)
  • Campus ethos domain (e.g., sense of belonging, welcomeness to engage, validation)
  • Success outcomes (e.g., anticipated persistence, achievement (GPA), goal progress)

For a comprehensive listing of CCSM items and scales click here - CCSM List of Items and Scales

Psychometric Testing

The CCSM was validated over a three-year, three-phrase process at 60 community colleges. The instrument has been subjected to numerous tests for content validity, construct validating, reliability, predictive validity, etc. The following are select publications that have focused on the CCSM's psychometric properties.

Exploratory Validity of the CCSM on Veteran Men

Initial Validation of Non-Cognitive Constructs

CCSM Preliminary Analyses

CCSM Non-Cognitive Constructs - White Paper

The instrument has been used extensively to support investigations into factors influencing student success outcomes for students of color in community colleges. To date, more than 25 books, peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and reports have been published based on CCSM data-sources. Many of these works have reported on smaller tests of the psychometric properties of the CCSM. Collectively, these works have demonstrated the efficacy of the instrument for investigations into numerous subpopulations.

Sample Questions

Sample Report